Periodontal diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means ‘around the tooth’. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that effects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Symptoms are often not noticeable until the disease is advanced.
Warning signs of gum disease include:
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath, loose or separating teeth
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
Periodontal disease has also been linked to heart disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and rheumatoid arthritis. The bacteria associated with periodontal disease can travel into the blood stream and pose a threat to other parts of the body.
Here are some things you can do to prevent Periodontal disease:
Brush twice a day
Floss at least once a day
Visit your dentist routinely for a check up and a professional cleaning